キハラハント愛の世界漂流徒然日記

国連平和維持活動、国際人権法、治安部門改革の分野で活動する キハラハント愛のブログです。

11月16-17日難民・移民についての学会におけるグローバルガバナンスパネル

11月16-17日の人間の安全保障学会・日本開発学会合同年次会において、
グローバルガバナンスパネルのモデレーターを務めましたが、
大変貴重な情報と考えさせられることの多いパネルとなりました。
英語ですが概略を掲載します。

――

Global Governance Panel, 17 November 2019

 

In the Global Governance Panel, First, Mr. Sayid Abdullaev spoke about his own experience as a refugee in the US. He spoke of two reactions he saw in people: one of fear for having someone different, and the other one was sympathy for his situation. He shared his initiative to change the perception of people towards refugees, involving young people and making a social movement. He worked for the United Nations, focusing on the World Humanitarian Summit and youth activation programs. He has founded multiple initiatives for refugee empowerment, youth for peace, and LGBTQ. He stressed the importance of involving refugees themselves in all initiatives involving refugees.

 

Next, Dr. Naoko Hashimoto of Hitotsubashi University, discussed pros and cons of proliferation of resettlement and ‘new ways’ of admitting refugees. Resettlement provides refugees with a durable solution, but an analysis of resettlement policies shows diversity of policies: while many host States are focusing on people’s vulnerability, a few States are focusing almost exclusively on their prospect of integration. Increasingly, resettlement is unclear in its quantity, selection criteria and process. Moreover, it may be argued that resettlement is used as an alternative to granting asylum. There are additionally ‘new forms’ of refugee admission, such as work permit, student visa, family reunification and private sponsorship, some of which allow taking in refugees without formally accepting them as refugees. It is questionable whether they appropriately complement refugee protection mechanism rather than diluting refugees’ rights.

 

Lastly, Prof. Eiji Oyamada of Doshisha University reported that globalization made corruption into a different shape. Corruption is now seen as a global issue, and corruption needs to be tackled through implementation of SDGs and international or regional agreements. Opportunities for corruption during humanitarian operation are many and systematic, but the existence of non-financial forms of corruption make it difficult to trace corruption systematically. 

 

The panel was moderated by Dr. Ai Kihara-Hunt of the University of Tokyo.

 

(316 words)

国際人道法模擬裁判 優勝おめでとう

IHL Moot Japan 1st prize with chief judge

11月30日―12月1日、
ICRC国際人道法模擬裁判 日本大会がありました。
9大学のチームが参加し、
東京大学からは私がコーチをしたこのチームが参加しました。

東京大学チームは
2年生率いる学部生チーム。

4月に初めて国際法について
授業で教えた2人は
1年生と秋入学の2年生。


最後の1~2週間の頑張りが物凄いチームでもあり、
メモリアルを書いていた時点の3人と
この大会で優勝した時点の3人は
別人のようです。

優勝おめでとう!

3月には日本代表として
アジア大会に出場します。


11月16-17日 難民・移民についての国際会議 プレナリー

JAHSS JASID conference plenary

11月16-17日、人間の安全保障学会と日本開発学会合同で
難民・移民・教育・雇用についての国際会議が
東京大学駒場キャンパスにて開かれました。
運営委員会の一員でもありました。
たくさんの方々に来ていただいて、ありがとうございました。
プレナリーは立ち見も出てしまいご迷惑をおかけしました。

プレナリーパネルの3人のスピーカーの方々と
コメンテーターの要旨を簡単にまとめたものを
英語ですが以下に公開します。

Plenary Panel (16 November 2019)

 

The plenary panel analyzed the global and Japanese trends on refugees and migrants. It was moderated by Dr. Ai Kihara-Hunt, the University of Tokyo.

 

First, Dr. Jeff Crisp of Oxford University identified recent global trends in relation to refugees and displaced people, and suggested that these trends created a "global refugee crisis." He argued that the international community had been too slow in addressing this situation. Dr. Crisp explained the importance of the Global Compact on Refugees, while identifying its weaknesses and limitations. He suggested that progress is being made at the operational level, in terms of the way that UNHCR and other actors are meeting the needs of refugees.

 

Next, Ambassador Eva Åkerman Börje of International Organization for Migration spoke about the Global Compact for Migration. She introduced key figures on migration and preceding initiatives of the international community leading to the Global Compact (endorsed by the UN General Assembly in December 2018). She referred to the contents of the Compact focusing on improving cooperation. She explained that its implementation is not static and introduced various networks for its implementation.

 

Following that, Prof. Saburo Takizawa, former Representative of UNHCR Japan Office, addressed the Japanese context for refugees and migrants. He explained that three drivers exist: economic driver as a pull factor, social driver as a push-back factor, and political driver that balances the two. He made a critical evaluation of Japan’s policy and society that Japan lacks humanity. The presenter then argued that Japan’s new immigration policy shows a paradigm shift.

 

Commentator Dr. Diana Kartika of the University of Tokyo introduced factors for Singapore’s closed-door policy, and stressed the importance of whole-of-society approach. She highlighted shortcomings in terms of inclusive education for migrants and displaced persons, and stressed the importance of addressing their pathways to employment.

 

(297 words)

Report by Dr. Ai Kihara-Hunt, the University of Tokyo



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